Historical Background of the Faculty of Science and Letters
The Faculty of Science and Letters of Aksaray University was founded in 2010. All necessary preparatory works for establishment of the faculty started in 2013 and education and training activities have been started since the 2014-2015 academic year.
Objectives of the Archeology Program:
Archeology is a science, which covers various disciplines like Prehistory, Protohistory, Near Eastern Archaeology and Classic Archeology. The cornerstone objective of the Archeology Program is to train theoretical and practical-skilled and well-educated people, those who are also able to use modern high technologies in their profession. From the education perspective, the students will gain professional skills in the field of Archeology, also they will be able to analyse and assess the theoretical skills in the field concerned, furthermore, will learn sufficient research methods along with being able to use sources in foreign languages except those are in Turkish.
General Information about the Main Diciplines of the Archeology Program:
Prehistory: The contents of the discipline Prehistoric Archeology, which is considered the period “before history” or the period that begins with the appearance of the human being is formed by the Paleolithic Era that covers foundations of modern civilization, the longest period of human history and significant part of the evolution of a human being. As a discipline, it examines all material and spiritual remains belonged to a human being in a chronological order during the noted era and has adopted interdisciplinary method of work. Furthermore, it aims to study how to define Paleolithic cultures, to compare examples found in Anatolia with those found in other places and to teach the importance of Anatolia within the World Prehistory in the light of the knapped stone industry, along with learning to recognize, describe, as well as to examine through division by types of instruments used by people during the Stone Age. The course contents cover the Paleolithic cultures, Paleolithic terminology, knapped stone and bone tool industry and typology, art and ornament objects, living and belief systems, economy, ecology, sedimentology, glacial and interglacial periods, zoo- archeology, chronology, stratigraphy, sequence dynamics as well as the information on the dynamics of the absolute dating methods.
Protohistory and Near Eastern Archeology: This discipline examines the Era starting from the Neolithic Era, which confront us with two alternatives of economic models of residents who was farming by hunting and gathering in human history, but also studies the Chalcolithic Era, Bronze Ages, and Protohistic period of Anatolia as the first focal point during the period until the end of Stone Age, Mesopotamia, Iran, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, the Caucasus, the Balkans, Cyprus and the Aegean world. Topics on know-how social, economic and technological transformation period of societies engaged in standard manufacturing influenced into the life of a human being, their period of adaptation and how the invention of writing as a milestone periods of in the context of archeology existed in Anatolia and Near Eastern cultures are also discussed. The course contents encapsulate the housing and temple architecture, sculpture and sculptural works, ceramics, seals, metal art and funeral rithuals of societies existed and developed in these regions.
Classical Archeology: This discipline encounters Protogeometric, Geometric, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic and the Roman period of the Crete-Minoan civilization found in the Aegean geography and starting from Mycenae civilization in Greece, up to all Anatolian civilizations, including the Western Anatolia. The course includes a wide range of detailed discussion of historical geography of Anatolia, Antiquity settlements, Greek and Roman architecture, sculpture, ceramics and ceramic terminology, small findings, numismatic, pictures and mosaic with mythology. Also, topics in classes are discussed in details through presentations.
Work Opportunities for Graduate Students: There are different employment opportunities for students graduated from the Department of Archaeology in public and private sectors. The graduate students of this Program of Archaeology firstly, can get a job as a staff member in capacity of official, archeologist and a researcher in museums existed in many regions of the country. Secondly, they can be employed by the Museums and Heritage General Directorate under the Ministry of Culture and Tourism as a state official, expert, or associate expert.
Also, there is an opportunity to work as an archeologist within Municipal staff in all provinces of Turkey. In addition, within a last decade, especially, due to the increased construction works of dams, energy pipelines and etc., as for the protection of cultural heritage, it can be possible to be employed by a private company as a field archeologist. Besides, they can be employed as an archeologist in the Conservation and Restoration companies in a private sector.